Heat Exhaustion usually occurs in a hot climate or a heat wave and it is one of the heat-related conditions. The symptoms range in severity from mild heat cramps to heat exhaustion to potentially life-threatening heatstroke. Heat exhaustion can begin suddenly, usually after working in the heat, sweating heavily or being dehydrated.
Heat exhaustion signs and symptoms include:
· Nausea or vomiting
· Heavy sweating often accompanied by cold,
· Weak, fast pulse
· Pale face
· Muscle cramps
· Weakness or fatigue
An untreated, heat exhaustion might lead to heatstroke, which is a life-threatening condition.
The basic first aid measures to be taken when there are signs of heat exhaustion
· Move the person out of the heat and make him lie down in a shady place or in air conditioned room.
· Lay the person down and elevate the legs and feet slightly.
· Remove tight or heavy clothing.
· Get the person drink to drink fluids like cool water or fruit juice.
· Cool the person by sponging him with cool water and fanning.
· Continue to monitor the person until he feels better.
· If the condition worsens it is always better to call emergency services.
How to prevent Heat Exhaustion:
· It can be prevented by taking precautions when it’s very hot.
· Check for weather warnings for the potential heat dangers
· If going out is inevitable, try to walk in shade
· Wear light and loose fitting clothes
· Keep yourself hydrated by drinking more fluids (water, fruit juices)
· Take adequate rest whenever necessary